Since mechanical or electrical failures are the most likely ones to deal with on an adventurous holiday, you do need to plan well for spares and tools that will go with. Spares and tools are heavy and often large. For this reason it has to be selected with great care.
The way that I select tools and spares for a long remote trip, is to consider what spares can leave me stranded, what is most likely to break on them and what I should take with to leave me the most options for repairs.
In this particular regard, Land Rovers are indeed great vehicles to have. For example, on my Discovery the same wheel bearing set fits on all four wheels. The same bearing that is used in the tensioner pulley of the main fan belt, is also used as the bearing in the tensioner pulley for the air conditioning and as the main bearing for the alternator. Obviously I will pack in two or three 6203 bearings. Small, dirt cheap, but crucial. It could leave you stranded if you don't have one.
The same goes for a radiator cap. Small, cheap and it could leave you stranded.
On every engine, the items like the alternator, A/C compressor, power steering pump and water pump are driven by belts. On the old motors, V-belts were used and in it was only possible to drive at most two items from one V-belt. However, to save some space, the use of the flat, ribbed belts called “Serpentine Belts” became common and in this case, often all the components are driven by one belt.
While serpentine belts itself are a lot more reliable than V-belts, the disadvantage is that if any of the ancillary components, that it drives, fails you are stranded. In some isolated cases, it could be possible to bypass an item, like a power steering pump for example by using a shorter belt, but obviously that is something that you need to work out before, as it is highly unlikely that you will break down on a road at a spot where a nice selection of belts are hanging on the doringdraad (barbed wire).
Of the ancillary components, the most likely ones to fail are either the water pump or the alternator. On an alternator, the regulator, brushes or bearings are the most likely culprits. You can treat this in more than one way. One is to have the alternator serviced every 100 000 km or so, but I would suggest to take a spare with.
I know this list sounds over the top. All that I can say is that the tools and spares were worth it's weight in gold on almost every trip. I pride myself that I managed to get us up and running each and every time a breakdown could have stranded us and ruined our trip. There are many tiny 10-second repairs that will leave you stranded if you do not have the tools and spares to solve it - like a broken radiator cap.
It would be arrogant to think that my spotless record will remain forever, so I still need to plan for the day that I am stuck somewhere, with no hope of driving out of there.
Non Negotiable – Any Trip
|2 Spare Tyres||Water – 10L||1/2” Socket Set|
|2 Fuel Filters||Brake Fluid – 1L||1/4” Socket Set|
|Air Filter||Engine Oil – 5L||Allen Key Set|
|Brake and Clutch Seals||General Purpose Grease||Axle Jack|
|Cable Ties||Circlip Pliers|
|Drive Belts – 2 Sets||G-clamp|
|Epoxy Steel||Hi-Lift Jack|
|Full set of radiator hoses||Honing Tool (brake cylinders)|
|Hand selected Bolts and Nuts||Map-gas Torch|
|Insulation Tape||Oil Filter Wrench|
|Oil Filter||Repair Manual|
|Pratley Putty||Screw Drivers|
|Radiator Cap||Side Cutters|
|Silicone Tape||Spline Key Set|
|Silver Solder||Torx Key Set|
|Tensioner Bearings||Tyre Levers|
|Tyre Plugs and Gaters||Jumper Cables|
|Water Pump||Recovery Strap with D-shackels|
|Alternator||Extra Fuel – 20L||Wheel Bearing Socket|
|Starter||Gearbox Oil – 5L||12V Cordless Drill|
|Timing Belt||Power Steering Fluid – 1L||Crimping Tools|
|Cylinder Head Valves||Würth Stud Remover|
|Pushrods (if needed)||Tap and Die set|
|Cylinder head gasket|
|Wheel bearing Kit|
|Viscous Fan coupling|